Top CRE Tips: Get to Know Commercial Real Estate Lease Types

Note from Fowler Property Advisors:
We get a lot of questions about the types of commercial real estate leases out there. What are the types of commercial leases? Which one is best? What costs & obligations are typical with each structure? As a result, we’ve decided to do a series of blog posts to help answer these questions, starting with this overview of the common lease structures.

In commercial real estate, lease types come in various forms, each carrying its own set of responsibilities and benefits for both landlords and tenants. Whether you’re a business owner looking for a space where you can operate your business or an investor looking to lease out property, understanding the different lease types is crucial. Let’s delve into three common lease structures: Triple Net (NNN), Modified Gross, and Gross/Full-Service Gross.

Triple Net (NNN) Lease
Triple Net leases are popular among landlords seeking a hands-off approach to property management. In this type of lease, tenants bear the brunt of operating expenses, including property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs, in addition to their base rent. NNN leases provide landlords with a predictable income stream while shifting the burden of property expenses and maintenance onto tenants. For businesses, this lease type offers more control over their space and expenses but requires careful budgeting to account for additional costs beyond rent.

Modified Gross Lease
A Modified Gross lease strikes a balance between the responsibilities of landlords and tenants. Unlike NNN leases, where tenants cover all operating expenses separately, a Modified Gross lease combines some of these costs into one lump sum alongside the base rent. Typically, tenants pay a portion of expenses like utilities, property taxes, insurance, and common area maintenance, while the landlord covers others. This arrangement offers tenants more predictability in their expenses while still providing landlords with a steady income stream and some control over property management.

Gross/Full-Service Gross Lease
Gross leases, also known as Full-Service Gross leases, offer the most straightforward arrangement for tenants. In this lease type, tenants pay a single, fixed rent amount that covers all operating expenses, including taxes, insurance, maintenance, utilities, and janitorial services. Landlords handle all property-related costs, making it easier for tenants to budget without worrying about fluctuating expenses. While Gross leases offer convenience for tenants, landlords often incorporate these additional costs into the base rent, resulting in higher upfront rental rates.

As you can see, choosing the right lease type for your commercial real estate endeavor depends on several factors, including the property type, location, and individual needs of both landlords and tenants. We’ll dive deeper into each of these lease types in our blog posts over the next few months, so be sure to check back. In the meantime, get the lease help you need by contacting Fowler Property Advisors. Call 704.219.0908, email, or schedule an appointment using the button below.

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